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Periodontic treatment plays a crucial role in maintaining oral health and preventing serious complications associated with periodontal diseases






Periodontal diseases range from mild gingivitis, which involves inflammation of the gums, to more severe conditions, such as periodontitis, which can lead to irreversible damage to the gums and bone surrounding the teeth if left untreated.



Focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums (gingiva), periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone.

Here are some key aspects of periodontics:

  1. Prevention: Periodontists emphasize the importance of preventive measures to maintain optimal periodontal health. This includes regular dental check-ups, professional dental cleanings, and proper oral hygiene practices at home, such as brushing and flossing. Education on proper oral hygiene techniques and lifestyle factors that contribute to periodontal health (such as smoking cessation) is also a key component of prevention.

  2. Diagnosis: Periodontists are trained to diagnose periodontal diseases through a comprehensive examination of the teeth, gums, and supporting structures. This may involve assessing factors such as the depth of periodontal pockets (spaces between the gums and teeth), presence of gum recession, bleeding upon probing, mobility of teeth, and signs of inflammation or infection.

  3. Treatment: Treatment of periodontal diseases aims to halt the progression of the disease, eliminate bacterial infection, and restore periodontal health. Common treatments may include:

    • Scaling and root planing: A non-surgical deep cleaning procedure to remove plaque, tartar (calculus), and bacteria from the surfaces of the teeth and root surfaces below the gumline.

    • Periodontal surgery: Surgical procedures may be necessary to access and thoroughly clean the root surfaces, reshape the gum tissue, or regenerate lost bone and soft tissue support around the teeth.

    • Periodontal maintenance: After active treatment, ongoing periodontal maintenance appointments are typically recommended to monitor the condition of the gums and teeth, perform professional cleanings, and prevent recurrence of periodontal disease.

    • Antibiotic therapy: Antibiotics may be prescribed to help control bacterial infection and promote healing in cases of severe or aggressive periodontitis.

  4. Implant Dentistry: Periodontists are also trained in the placement and maintenance of dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots used to support dental restorations such as crowns, bridges, or dentures. This may involve procedures such as bone grafting and guided tissue regeneration to ensure the success and longevity of dental implants.

  5. Cosmetic Periodontal Procedures: Periodontists may also perform cosmetic procedures to enhance the appearance of the smile, such as gum contouring (gingivectomy or gingivoplasty) to reshape the gumline or crown lengthening to expose more of the natural tooth structure.


Periodontal health is essential for overall oral health and well-being. Untreated, periodontal diseases can lead to tooth loss, systemic health problems, and compromised quality of life. Regular dental visits and early intervention are crucial for maintaining healthy gums and preventing the progression of periodontal diseases. Individuals experiencing gum swelling, bleeding, or persistent bad breath should seek evaluation and treatment from a qualified periodontist.

Ask your dentist how they can help you with your oral health. 

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